Overview

IWAAC for Confluence Overview

Cleito IWAAC is a simple plugin that you install on each application relying upon Atlassian Crowd for user management (e.g. Confluence, Jira, Bitbucket, Bamboo, FishEye, Crucible).

The IWAAC plugin connects to your Active Directory Domain Controller to check the responses to Kerberos authentication challenges and to your Crowd server to get Crowd SSO tokens for your AD domain users.


Prerequisites

  1. The very first prerequisite before installing and configuring IWAAC is to make sure that Confluence is already integrated with your Crowd Server and that Crowd SSO is fully up and running. Please go to the Atlassian documentation for more details about the installation and integration of Atlassian Crowd with your Confluence instance.

  2. Please also check that the usernames in Crowd are identical to the usernames in Active Directory. For instance, if John Doe's AD logon name is john_doe@YOURDOMAIN.COM (or YOURDOMAIN\john_doe), then his username in Crowd has to be john_doe (or jOhn_Doe as it is not case-sensitive). This is a most-likely case since you probably linked Confluence to an Active Directory / LDAP Directory Connector in Crowd's administration console. If you did not and configured an Internal, Delegated Authentication, Remote Crowd or Custom Directory Connector instead, you might want to configure the IWAAC properties so that the plugin automatically creates authenticated Active Directory domain users in the corresponding Crowd directory (if those users do not already exist in this very directory).


System requirements

IWAAC

  • Cleito IWAAC 2.0

End-user computer

  • Any computer running Microsoft Windows (XP, Vista, 7, 8, 8.1, 10) or Mac OS[1] (10.10 and later) and belonging to your enterprise Windows Domain
  • Microsoft Internet Explorer, Microsoft Edge, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome and Apple Safari are supported web browsers
1. Please follow these instructions to add a Mac to an Active Directory domain.

Windows domain

  • Active Directory Domain Services for Windows Server (2008 R2, 2012 R2, 2016)

Crowd server

  • Atlassian Crowd 2.1 and later (up to v3.0.2)

Confluence server

  • JDK 7, JDK 8 (except JDK 1.8.0_40 and 1.8.0_45)
  • Windows, Linux and Mac OS are supported Operating Systems
  • For testing purposes, do not install Confluence on your end-user client computer as in such a case your browser might use the unsupported NTLM protocol instead of Kerberos

Firewall rules

Your Confluence server must be able to connect to
  • the Crowd server (default HTTP port 8095 or HTTPS port 8443)
  • at least one of your Active Directory Domain Controllers (TCP/UDP on port 88 for Kerberos, TCP/UDP on ports 389 and 636 for LDAP and LDAPS connections)


Setting up IWAAC Kerberos SSO

  1. First of all, you must ask an AD domain administrator to create a user account for your Confluence server in Active Directory, for instance confluencesvc@YOURDOMAIN.COM

    Confluence service account creation in AD - Step 1
    Confluence service account creation in AD - Step 2
    Confluence service account creation in AD - Step 3
    Confluence service account creation in AD - Step 4
  2. Then ask your AD domain administrator to set a Service Principal Name (SPN) for your Confluence server. The Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) to be used MUST be the Host (A) record of your Confluence server in Active Directory DNS.

    setspn -A HTTP/<confluence_server_fqdn> <confluence_server_username>

    For instance:
    setspn -A HTTP/confluence-macos-srv.cleito.com confluencesvc

    Confluence setspn in AD - Step 5
    Info: What if you run Confluence behind Apache, a reverse proxy or a load balancer?

    If you run Confluence behind a reverse proxy or a load balancer, you MUST use the FQDN (Host (A) record) of the URL's hostname when running the setspn command. For instance:

    setspn -A HTTP/reverseproxy-confluence-vip.cleito.com confluencesvc
  3. Finally ask your AD domain administrator to generate a keytab file for your Confluence server. A keytab file is a piece of cryptographic information that will enable the IWAAC plugin to validate responses to Kerberos authentication challenges. Please be careful while typing this command as it is case sensitive.
    ktpass /out <keytab_filename> /mapuser <confluence_server_username>@<YOURDOMAIN.COM> /princ HTTP/<confluence_server_fqdn>@<YOURDOMAIN.COM> /pass <confluence_server_userpassword> /kvno 0 /ptype KRB5_NT_PRINCIPAL

    For instance:
    ktpass /out confluence.keytab /mapuser confluencesvc@CLEITO.COM /princ HTTP/confluence-macos-srv.cleito.com@CLEITO.COM /pass confluenceServerUserPassword /kvno 0 /ptype KRB5_NT_PRINCIPAL

    Keytab generation with ktpass
    Info: What if you run Confluence behind Apache, a reverse proxy or a load balancer?

    If you run Confluence behind a reverse proxy or a load balancer, you MUST use the FQDN (Host (A) record) of the URL's hostname when running the ktpass command. For instance:

    ktpass /out confluence.keytab /mapuser confluencesvc@CLEITO.COM /princ HTTP/reverseproxy-confluence-vip.cleito.com@CLEITO.COM /pass confluenceServerUserPassword /kvno 0 /ptype KRB5_NT_PRINCIPAL

    Then use the same keytab file that you have just generated for all applications (e.g. Jira, Confluence) running behind the same reverse proxy's A record.
  4. (Optional) If you did not link Confluence to an Active Directory / LDAP Directory Connector in Crowd and if you plan to enable automatic user creation, you will have to check the Trust this user for delegation to any service (Kerberos only) option in the delegation tab of the Windows user you created for your Confluence server.

    Tomcat account creation in AD - Delegation
  5. On your Confluence server, create a file named iwaac-init.properties in the confluence/WEB-INF/classes folder. This file must contain only one property named iwaac.home whose value is the absolute directory path where IWAAC will store its configuration.

    For instance, on Linux:
    iwaac.home=/var/confluence/iwaac-home
    On Mac OS:
    iwaac.home=/Users/Bruno/confluence/iwaac-home
    On Windows:
    iwaac.home=C:\\data\\confluence\\iwaac-home
  6. Move/copy the keytab file that was previously generated by your Active Directory domain administrator to the iwaac.home directory you have just chosen

    Move keytab
  7. Now, download and unzip the CLEITO IWAAC archive somewhere on your Confluence server.

  8. Then go to the conf/IWAAC folder of the unzipped archive and run setup_plugin.sh (Linux, Mac OS) or setup_plugin.bat (Windows) in a shell or terminal window:

    Setup script IWAAC Kerberos SSO Setup
    ------------------------
    [Java Version] 1.8.0_111
    [Iwaac] Enter iwaac.home directory path (e.g. /var/iwaac-home, C:\\data\\iwaac-home): <iwaac_home_directory_path>
    [Kerberos] Enter your Windows domain name (e.g. DOMAIN.LOCAL): <YOURDOMAIN.COM>
    [Kerberos] Enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of your Active Directory Domain Controller (e.g. dcsrv.domain.local): <ad_domain_controller_fqdn>
    [Kerberos] Enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of the server hosting your application. This FQDN MUST be the A record of the server in Active Directory DNS (e.g. linuxsrv001.domain.local): <confluence_server_fqdn>
    [Kerberos][INFO] Setting Service Principal Name: HTTP/<confluence_server_fqdn>@<YOURDOMAIN.COM>
    [Kerberos] Enter Kerberos keytab filename (e.g. mykeytab.keytab): <keytab_file_name>
    [Crowd] Enter Crowd Server URL (e.g. http://crowdsrv.domain.local:8095/crowd): <crowd_server_url>
    [Crowd] Enter application name as defined in Crowd administration console (e.g. jirasdk): <application_name>
    [Crowd] Enter application password as defined in Crowd administration console (e.g. ********): <application_password>

    IWAAC Kerberos SSO Setup completed without an error


    For instance:

    IWAAC Kerberos SSO Setup
    ------------------------
    [Java Version] 1.8.0_111
    [Iwaac] Enter iwaac.home directory path (e.g. /var/iwaac-home, C:\\data\\iwaac-home): /Users/Bruno/confluence/iwaac-home
    [Kerberos] Enter your Windows domain name (e.g. DOMAIN.LOCAL): CLEITO.COM
    [Kerberos] Enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of your Active Directory Domain Controller (e.g. dcsrv.domain.local): win-2f2rum1cpin.cleito.com
    [Kerberos] Enter the Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) of the server hosting your application. This FQDN MUST be the A record of the server in Active Directory DNS (e.g. linuxsrv001.domain.local): confluence-macos-srv.cleito.com
    [Kerberos][INFO] Setting Service Principal Name: HTTP/confluence-macos-srv.cleito.com@CLEITO.COM
    [Kerberos] Enter Kerberos keytab filename (e.g. mykeytab.keytab): confluence.keytab
    [Crowd] Enter Crowd Server URL (e.g. http://crowdsrv.domain.local:8095/crowd): http://crowd.cleito.com:8095/crowd
    [Crowd] Enter application name as defined in Crowd administration console (e.g. jirasdk): confluence
    [Crowd] Enter application password as defined in Crowd administration console (e.g. ********): ********

    IWAAC Kerberos SSO Setup completed without an error


  9. The setup_plugin script has generated four configuration files

    • jaas.conf: This file is used by IWAAC for Kerberos implementation. In most cases, it should not be edited.

    • krb5.conf: This file is also used by IWAAC for Kerberos implementation. In most cases, it should not be edited.

    • crowd.properties: This file is used by IWAAC to connect to the Crowd server. There are several options available that are detailed in the Configuration options section.

    • iwaac.properties: This file is used by IWAAC to restrict its functions to specific user agents, ip addresses, users or URLs. For example, you might want to keep an usual username and password authentication on the /rest URL. Or for performance reasons, you might want IWAAC to automatically authenticate your Active Directory domain users only when they hit Confluence's login page. This file is also used by IWAAC to connect to Active Directory in the case of fallback to basic authentication. All the options are detailed in the Configuration options section. See also the section titled Tuning for production for recommended settings values.

  10. Finally go to Confluence's administration UI, select Add-ons, then Manage add-ons and click on Upload add-on.

    Manage add-on in Confluence
    Click Choose File and upload the CLEITO-IWAAC-PLUGIN-2.0.0.jar file from the lib folder of the unzipped archive.

    IWAAC plugin installed
    Close your browser or log out of Confluence.

  11. Follow the browser configuration instructions before trying to login again.

  12. Now, open your web browser and enter Confluence's URL, e.g. http://confluence.yourdomain.com.

    Congratulations, you are already authenticated!

    Already authenticated in Confluence

    If this installation procedure does not seem to work in your environment, please check the troubleshooting section.


Browser configuration

The browsers of your Active Directory domain users must be configured so as to automatically respond to Kerberos authentication challenges. In the next section, we describe how to manually configure some of the most popular corporate web browsers. This manual configuration can be automated by your Active Directory domain administrator with a Group Policy Object.

Windows clients

Microsoft Internet Explorer

  1. Open Internet Explorer, then click Tools > Internet options > Security > Local intranet > Sites and click Advanced

  2. Add your domain extension to the Local intranet zone, for instance http://*.yourdomain.com

    Internet Explorer configuration

Mozilla Firefox

  1. Open Firefox, then type about:config in the adress bar and click I'll be careful, I promise!

  2. Type network.negotiate-auth.trusted-uris in the filter bar and set this setting to .yourdomain.com

    Firefox configuration
  3. (Optional) If you did not link your application to an Active Directory / LDAP Directory Connector in Crowd and if you plan to enable automatic user creation, you will also have to set the network.negotiate-auth.delegation-uris property to .yourdomain.com

Google Chrome

Google Chrome's support for Kerberos authentication relies on Internet Explorer's configuration. Please follow configuration instructions for Internet Explorer and then start Google Chrome.

If Internet Explorer does not seem to be installed on your workstation, click Start Menu > Control Panel > Network and Internet > Internet Options > Security > Local intranet > Sites > Advanced. Then add your domain extension to the Local intranet zone, for instance http://*.yourdomain.com

(Optional) If you did not link Confluence to an Active Directory / LDAP Directory Connector in Crowd and if you plan to enable automatic user creation, you will also have to edit the [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Google\Chrome\AuthNegotiateDelegateWhitelist] registry key on your workstation and set its value to *.yourdomain.com

Kerberos delegation for Chrome
If you cannot find that registry key, please follow these steps:
  1. Download the policy templates from https://dl.google.com/dl/edgedl/chrome/policy/policy_templates.zip
  2. Run gpedit.msc to open the local group policy management
  3. Go to Local Computer Policy > Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates and right click on Administrative Templates
  4. Click Add/Remove Templates, then click the Add button and select windows/adm/en-US/chrome.adm from the unzipped policy_templates archive you previously downloaded
  5. Go to Local Computer Policy > Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Classic Administrative Templates (ADM) > Google > Google Chrome > Policies for HTTP Authentication > Kerberos delegation server whitelist
  6. On the Kerberos delegation server whitelist window, click Enabled and enter *.yourdomain.com in the field named Kerberos delegation server whitelist
  7. Then restart Chrome and type chrome://policy in the address bar
  8. Check that you now see the AuthNegotiateDelegateWhitelist key in Windows registry editor

Microsoft Edge

Microsoft Edge's support for Kerberos authentication relies on Internet Explorer's configuration. Please follow configuration instructions for Internet Explorer and then start Microsoft Edge.

If Internet Explorer does not seem to be installed on your workstation, click Start Menu > Control Panel > Network and Internet > Internet Options > Security > Local intranet > Sites > Advanced. Then add your domain extension to the Local intranet zone, for instance http://*.yourdomain.com

Mac OS clients

Apple Safari

Cleito IWAAC works out of the box on Safari and does not require any further configuration.

Mozilla Firefox

  1. Open Firefox, then type about:config in the adress bar and click I'll be careful, I promise!

  2. Type network.negotiate-auth.trusted-uris in the filter bar and set this setting to .yourdomain.com

    Firefox configuration on a Mac
  3. (Optional) If you did not link your application to an Active Directory / LDAP Directory Connector in Crowd and if you plan to enable automatic user creation, you will also have to set the network.negotiate-auth.delegation-uris property to .yourdomain.com

Google Chrome

In a terminal, go to your user's Library/Preferences folder and set the AuthServerWhitelist property to *.yourdomain.com
defaults write com.google.Chrome.plist AuthServerWhitelist '*.yourdomain.com'
(Optional) If you did not link your application to an Active Directory / LDAP Directory Connector in Crowd and if you plan to enable automatic user creation, you will also have to set the AuthNegotiateDelegateWhitelist property to *.yourdomain.com
defaults write com.google.Chrome.plist AuthNegotiateDelegateWhitelist '*.yourdomain.com'
Chrome configuration on a Mac


Configuration options

crowd.properties

This file is used by IWAAC to connect to the Crowd server.

Attributes of the IWAAC crowd.properties file

Attribute Description Default Value
application.name The name of your application as specified in the Crowd server, e.g. confluence
application.password The password of your application as specified in the Crowd server
crowd.base.url The URL of the Crowd server, e.g. http://localhost:8095/crowd
cookie.domain Set this property to override the SSO Domain set in the Crowd server, e.g. .internal.cleito.com
cookie.tokenkey The SSO cookie name for this application
validation_factor.remote_address Defines whether the client's or latest proxy's IP address will be used as a validation factor for Crowd SSO tokens true
validation_factor.x-forwarded-for Defines whether the real client's IP address will be used as a validation factor for Crowd SSO tokens true
http.proxy.host The FQDN of the proxy server used to transport REST traffic to the Crowd server, e.g. internal-proxy.cleito.com
http.proxy.port The port of the proxy server used to transport REST traffic to the Crowd server, e.g. 3128
http.proxy.username The username used to authenticate with the proxy server
http.proxy.password The password used to authenticate with the proxy server
http.max.connections The maximum number of HTTP connections in the connection pool for communication with the Crowd server 20
http.timeout The HTTP connection timeout (milliseconds) used for communication with the Crowd server. A value of zero indicates that there is no connection timeout 5000

iwaac.properties

This file is used by IWAAC to restrict its functions to specific user agents, ip addresses, users or URLs, and to enable fallback to basic authentication.

Attributes of the iwaac.properties file

Attribute Description Available since version
iwaac.agent.include.only A list of comma separated user agent substrings, e.g. Windows NT, MSIE 11

If this property is not null, then Integrated Windows Authentication will only apply to Active Directory domain users connecting from browsers whose user agent contains at least one of the substrings in the specified list.
1.1
iwaac.agent.exclude A list of comma separated user agent substrings, e.g. iPad, Android

If this property is not null, then Integrated Windows Authentication will not apply to Active Directory domain users connecting from browsers whose user agent contains at least one of the substrings in the specified list.
1.1
iwaac.ip.include.only A list of comma separated IP addresses or IPv4 CIDR notations, e.g. 10.211.55.8,10.211.55.22,10.211.54.0/24

If this property is not null, then Integrated Windows Authentication will only apply to Active Directory domain users connecting from the computers, proxy servers or subnetworks in the specified list.
1.2
iwaac.ip.exclude A list of comma separated IP addresses or IPv4 CIDR notations, e.g. 10.211.55.8,10.211.55.22,10.211.54.0/24

If this property is not null, then Integrated Windows Authentication will not apply to Active Directory domain users connecting from the computers, proxy servers or subnetworks in the specified list.

This is especially useful in a reverse-proxy architecture where internet users have to access to your internal application.

You will also need to set this property when configuring application links between Atlassian products so as to exclude other applications that connect to your instance.
1.2
iwaac.uri.include.only A list of comma separated URI, e.g. /secure,/protected

If this property is not null, then Integrated Windows Authentication will only occur when the Active Directory domain users hit the URI in the specified list. This is especially useful for performance reasons, as by default IWAAC will apply to all URI, which might lead to a lot of connections to the Crowd server. The best practice is to apply Integrated Windows Authentication to the login page only, e.g. /login.action.

Please note that you must not include the context path of your application in the specified values. For instance, if your application base url is http://yourdomain.com/confluence, do not set the iwaac.uri.include.only property to /confluence/login.action but to /login.action.
1.0
iwaac.uri.exclude A list of comma separated URI, e.g. /rest,/api

If this property is not null, then Integrated Windows Authentication will not occur when the Active Directory domain users hit the URI in the specified list. This is especially useful for URI requested by REST or SOAP clients.

Please note that you must not include the context path or your application in the specified values. For instance, if your application base url is http://yourdomain.com/confluence, do not set the iwaac.uri.exclude property to /confluence/rest but to /rest.
1.0
iwaac.user.include.only A list of comma separated Active Directory usernames, e.g. john_doe,jane_doe

If this property is not null, then Integrated Windows Authentication will only apply to the Active Directory users in the specified list. This is especially useful for testing, as you might want to test IWAAC on a limited set of users before going live.
1.0
iwaac.user.exclude A list of comma separated Active Directory usernames, e.g. john_doe,jane_doe

If this property is not null, then Integrated Windows Authentication will not occur for Active Directory users in the specified list. This is especially useful for administrators who often log onto web applications using different usernames.
1.0
iwaac.add.user.to.groups A list of comma separated Crowd groups, e.g. confluence-users,confluence-administrators

If this property is not null, then Active Directory domain users will automatically be added to these groups after a successful Kerberos authentication.

Please note that the User Directory in Confluence will still have to be synchronized with Crowd's directory before Confluence is actually aware of a new group membership.
1.4
iwaac.fallback.basic.enabled Either true or false

When set to true, users connecting from computers outside of the Active Directory domain will be able to enter their Active Directory credentials in a Basic Authentication pop up window.

Please note that you must also complete the 4 next options.
1.1
iwaac.fallback.basic.dc.hostname The fully qualified domain name of your Active Directory Domain Controller, e.g. dc1.cleito.com

It is used by IWAAC to verify users credentials with the LDAP protocol in the case of basic authentication fallback.
1.1
iwaac.fallback.basic.dc.ssl Either true or false

When set to true, IWAAC will use LDAPS to verify users credentials in the case of basic authentication fallback.
1.1
iwaac.fallback.basic.dc.port The LDAP or LDAPS port on your Active Directory Domain Controller, e.g. 389 or 636

Used by IWAAC only in the case of basic authentication fallback.
1.1
iwaac.fallback.basic.windows.domain Your Windows domain name, e.g. CLEITO.COM

Used by IWAAC only in the case of basic authentication fallback.
1.1
iwaac.fallback.basic.dc.timeout The connection timeout (in milliseconds) to your Active Directory Controller, e.g. 1000

Used by IWAAC only in the case of basic authentication fallback.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.enabled Either true or false

When set to true, IWAAC will automatically create successfully authenticated Active Directory domain users in the Crowd directory to which the application is linked. You do not need to use this option if Confluence is linked to an Active Directory / LDAP Directory connector in Crowd as in such a case, Active Directory domain users already exist in Crowd.

Please note that the User Directory in Confluence will still have to be synchronized with Crowd's directory before Confluence is actually aware of a new user creation.

You must also complete the 3 next options if you wish to enable automatic user creation.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.dc.hostname The fully qualified domain name of your Active Directory Domain Controller, e.g. dc1.cleito.com

It is used by IWAAC to get the Active Directory domain user's details (first name, last name, email address) that are required to create the user account in the application's directory in Crowd.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.dc.ssl Either true or false

When set to true, IWAAC will use LDAPS to get the Active Directory domain user's details (first name, last name, email address) that are required to create the user account in the application's directory in Crowd.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.dc.port The LDAP or LDAPS port on your Active Directory Domain Controller, e.g. 389 or 636

Used by IWAAC to get the Active Directory domain user's details (first name, last name, email address) that are required to create the user account in the application's directory in Crowd.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.timeout The connection timeout (in milliseconds) to your Active Directory Controller, e.g. 1000

Used by IWAAC to get the Active Directory domain user's details (first name, last name, email address) that are required to create the user account in the application's directory in Crowd.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.password.min.length The minimum length for the random password of the user account to be created in the application's directory in Crowd, e.g. 8

Used by IWAAC only in the case of automatic user creation.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.password.max.length The maximum length for the random password of the user account to be created in the application's directory in Crowd, e.g. 16

Used by IWAAC only in the case of automatic user creation.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.password.min.upper.alpha The minimum number of uppercase alphabetic characters for the random password of the user account to be created in the application's directory in Crowd, e.g. 1

Used by IWAAC only in the case of automatic user creation.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.password.min.lower.alpha The minimum number of lowercase alphabetic characters for the random password of the user account to be created in the application's directory in Crowd, e.g. 1

Used by IWAAC only in the case of automatic user creation.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.password.min.numeric The minimum number of numeric characters for the random password of the user account to be created in the application's directory in Crowd, e.g. 1

Used by IWAAC only in the case of automatic user creation.
1.4
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.password.min.special The minimum number of special characters for the random password of the user account to be created in the application's directory in Crowd, e.g. 1

Used by IWAAC only in the case of automatic user creation.
1.4


Tuning for production

This section lists recommended configuration values that you might want to set in iwaac.properties. These values have been tested on recent versions of Confluence. You should nevertheless keep in mind that there might be slight differences to apply on specific other versions.

# Tested on Atlassian Confluence 6.2.0

iwaac.uri.include.only   /login.action
iwaac.uri.exclude         /login.action?logout=true


Failover

Cleito IWAAC can be configured so as to provide your applications with a failover mechanism when your main Active Directory Domain Controller is down.

Edit krb5.conf in your iwaac.home directory and add another kdc property:
[realms]
  YOURDOMAIN.COM = {
  kdc = dc1.yourdomain.com:88
 kdc = dc2.yourdomain.com:88
  default_domain = .yourdomain.com
  }
Also edit iwaac.properties and add domain controllers as a list of comma separated values:
iwaac.fallback.basic.dc.hostname                     dc1.yourdomain.com, dc2.yourdomain.com
iwaac.auto.create.user.in.crowd.dc.hostname   dc1.yourdomain.com, dc2.yourdomain.com


Upgrading

  • If you need to upgrade Cleito IWAAC from version 1.x to 2.0, you can choose the classic upgrade process and replace CLEITO-IWAAC-1.x.jar with CLEITO-IWAAC-2.0.0.jar in Tomcat's lib directory and restart Tomcat. Please refer to the documentation dedicated to Tomcat-based applications for more details.

    If you prefer to upgrade to the standard add-on installation mode, please follow these steps:
    1. Stop Confluence/Tomcat
    2. Remove IWAAC's Valve element from conf/server.xml
    3. Delete the CLEITO-IWAAC-1.x.jar file in Tomcat's lib directory
    4. Remove iwaac's logging property from conf/logging.properties (if any)
    5. Remove the setup.sh and setup.bat scripts from conf/IWAAC
    6. Create a file named iwaac-init.properties in confluence/WEB-INF/classes. This file must contain only one property named iwaac.home. Set its value to the absolute path of the conf/IWAAC directory, for instance /opt/confluence/atlassian-confluence-6.2.0/conf/IWAAC

      If you prefer to use another folder than conf/IWAAC, copy/move its content to the directory you would like to use, then edit iwaac-init.properties and jaas.conf to adapt the configuration paths accordingly.

    7. Restart Confluence
    8. Go to the Add-ons > Manage add-ons section in Confluence's administration UI and upload CLEITO-IWAAC-PLUGIN-2.0.0.jar

  • If you need to upgrade Confluence, please make sure to copy the confluence/WEB-INF/classes/iwaac-init.properties file of your current Confluence instance to the confluence/WEB-INF/classes directory of your target instance. Then edit this file and make sure that the iwaac.home property is pointing to the right directory.


Entering license key

  1. Go to your iwaac.home directory and copy/paste your license key into the iwaac.license file

  2. Restart Confluence


Troubleshooting and problem resolution

Whatever your problem, please turn on DEBUG logging in the confluence/WEB-INF/classes/log4j.properties file of your Confluence instance. Insert the following line at the end of the file and restart Confluence:

log4j.logger.com.cleito.iwaac.plugin = DEBUG
IWAAC events will be logged into the logs/atlassian-confluence.log file of your Confluence home directory. They are all prefixed by the [IWAAC] string so you can easily parse the generated log file. When you have solved your problem, you can turn logging to the INFO level.

IWAAC logs
You can also turn on debug logging for Kerberos specific events.

Edit jaas.conf in your iwaac.home directory:
debug=true;
Also edit bin/setenv.sh (Linux, Mac OS) or bin/setenv.bat (Windows) and insert the following line at the beginning of the file. Then restart Confluence.

On Linux or Mac OS:
JAVA_OPTS="-Dsun.security.krb5.debug=true $JAVA_OPTS"
On Windows:
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dsun.security.krb5.debug=true
Kerberos debug logs will appear in the logs/catalina.out file of your Confluence instance. Please note that they are not prefixed by the [IWAAC] string.

Kerberos logs

Common problems

A Basic Authentication popup appears

Basic Authentication Most likely cause: your web browser has not been configured for automatic Kerberos authentication or you did not use the A record of your Confluence server throughout the installation process.
Resolution: follow the browser configuration instructions or start the configuration again with the A record of your Confluence server.

SEVERE: [IWAAC] GSSContext Target Name (service ticket) is null

Most likely cause: there is a known bug in JDK 1.8.0_40 and JDK 1.8.0_45 that prevents Kerberos authentication to succeed on Linux and Mac OS environments. This may also happen if you are trying to access to Confluence from the server or workstation on which it is installed.
Resolution: upgrade your JDK version or connect to Confluence from another computer.

SEVERE: [IWAAC] Service ticket could not be decrypted, exception is: Failure unspecified at GSS-API level (Mechanism level: Clock skew too great (37))

Most likely cause: there is a time desynchronization between your Confluence server and the Active Directory controller.
Resolution: time synch your servers with NTP.

FINE: [IWAAC] Unexpected end of file from server

Most likely cause: that exception might occur when using a proxy between IWAAC and the Crowd server. Some proxies actually do not handle persistent connections (keep alive) correctly.
Resolution: in such a situation, disable keep alive in bin/setenv.sh (Mac OS, Linux) or bin/setenv.bat (Windows) and restart Confluence.

On Linux or Mac OS:
JAVA_OPTS="-Dhttp.keepAlive=false $JAVA_OPTS"
On Windows:
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dhttp.keepAlive=false

FINE: [IWAAC] Read timed out

Most likely cause: that exception might occur when using a proxy between IWAAC and the Crowd server. Some proxies actually do not handle persistent connections (keep alive) correctly.
Resolution: in such a situation, disable keep alive in bin/setenv.sh (Mac OS, Linux) or bin/setenv.bat (Windows) and restart Confluence.

On Linux or Mac OS:
JAVA_OPTS="-Dhttp.keepAlive=false $JAVA_OPTS"
On Windows:
set JAVA_OPTS=%JAVA_OPTS% -Dhttp.keepAlive=false

INFO: org.apache.coyote.http11.AbstractHttp11Processor.process Error parsing HTTP request header

Most likely cause: the Kerberos ticket that is sent by the Active Directory domain user's browser is too large for Tomcat's HTTP headers buffer.
Resolution: edit conf/server.xml and extend the maxHttpHeaderSize attribute of Tomcat's HTTP Connector to a higher value (e.g. 64 KB), then restart Confluence.
maxHttpHeaderSize="65536"

SEVERE: org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service Error processing request
java.lang.IllegalArgumentException: An invalid domain [.yourdomain.com] was specified for this cookie

Most likely cause: Some versions of Tomcat embed a Cookie Processor Component that is not fully compliant with RFC 6265 and throws an exception when the IWAAC plugin tries to set a Crowd SSO cookie on a domain whose name starts with "." (e.g. .yourdomain.com)
Resolution: remove the leading "." character from the SSO domain value in the Administration > General Options of your Crowd server. For instance yourdomain.com instead of .yourdomain.com. Then, restart your Confluence server.

Other issues